What is the oldest and most original form of Leavened bread?
Published: 28th April 2022
Leavened bread is one of the oldest and most original forms of bread consumed by humans. Leavening, or the process of making dough rise, was discovered long ago during ancient times by early civilizations, such as the Egyptians and Romans. Today, leavened bread remains a staple in many parts of the world, including Europe, South America, North America, and Africa. There are several different types of leavened bread that have been developed from various cultures across these continents.
The oldest form of leavened bread is thought to be sourdough. Sourdough is a type of leavened bread made from fermented flour and water that has naturally occurring bacteria and yeast found in it. This process makes sourdough bread unique in taste and texture. Sourdough bread was first created by the Egyptians and is still popular today, especially in Europe.
Another popular type of leavened bread is called ciabatta. Ciabatta is an Italian white bread that is made from a dough that has been fermented with beer yeast. This dough is then baked in a special oven called a ciabattino, which gives the bread its characteristic large, flat shape. Ciabatta is often served with olive oil and garlic as a dipping sauce.
In North America, one of the most popular types of leavened bread is known as challah. Challah is a Jewish egg bread that is traditionally braided and baked for the Sabbath. The dough is made from white flour, eggs, sugar, and oil, and can be topped with poppy or sesame seeds.
Finally, one of the most unique types of leavened bread is called injera. Injera is a type of flatbread that is popular in Ethiopia and Eritrea used to eat dishes like stews and curries. It is made by fermenting tef flour, which creates a spongy texture to allow the food to easily stick to it while eating. Injera has become popular throughout North America as an alternative grain option for people suffering from celiac disease or gluten intolerance.
As you can see, there are many different types of leavened bread that have been developed from various cultures around the world. Whether you prefer sourdough, ciabatta, challah, or injera, there is sure to be a type of leavened bread that will appeal to your taste buds and widen your culinary horizons. So the next time you're looking for a delicious snack or meal, keep in mind all of the varieties of leavened bread out there!